We adopt a Program Science approach which is the systematic application of theoretical and empirical scientific knowledge to improve the design, implementation and evaluation of public health programs. It includes research driven methodologies for intervention design and assessment ensuring the right mix of interventions for the right populations; translating knowledge for global dissemination and creating forums for interaction between scientists, programs & policy leaders, and implementers.

In adopting a program science approach, IHAT work is based on four key pillars of integration, equity, embedded support, alignment & ownership that guide its focus, scale and functioning pattern.

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Integration

IHAT adopts a lifecycle focus recognizing the importance of continuum of care across the life leads to better health outcomes. Access to quality family planning services can empower adolescents and women to facilitate wanted pregnancy; appropriate antenatal care is needed throughout pregnancy for monitoring the health of mothers and their babies; skilled birth attendance and access to care during the postnatal period helps to ensure that survival of mothers and their newborns; and availability of basic health care services is critical for reducing preventable deaths amongst children under five. IHAT focus on improving all aspects of planning, implementation and monitoring of services.

Equity

Improving health indicators is a public health priority and recognizing that there are significant intra-state variations in the quality of health status and health services at the village and district levels. IHAT focuses its resources in High Priority Districts (HPDs) where health outcomes are especially poor for women and children. These areas were strategically selected to ensure that the activities conducted can achieve population-level impacts in health status amongst those with the greatest need.

Embedded Support

Health services are designed, planned, and implemented at the state, district and block levels. To support the Government, partners need to work alongside specialists at each of these levels of the health system. IHAT is therefore physically and operationally embedded at state, district and block levels of the government health system. At each level, IHAT staff support government staff in designing and planning program implementation, and in strengthening skills and practices amongst clinical and frontline workers (FLWs).

Alignment & Ownership

By aligning its goals, objectives and work plans with government, IHAT promotes the adoption of new evidence-informed planning, implementation, and monitoring strategies that will help to achieve meaningful results.